Interior design what is it?

Interior design

Interior – is the surrounding us functional, comfortable, beautiful space that reflects the inner world and character of the person, his way of life, values, habits.

Space – this is an important element of interior design. In space, we move, see shapes, hear sounds, inhale aromas, feel happy, successful, feel comfortable.

Geometric elements help us express space: point, line, plane, volume. They give form, divide the space into internal and external, and define its boundaries. When organizing a space, the designer takes into account:

  • functionality
  • technology
  • aesthetic perception


Bearing structures, partitions, openings, windows and doors define the physical boundaries of rooms and functional zones. Any changes in the physical boundaries of the space (width, length, height) are planned with the design and architectural style of the building in mind.  This is the job of the interior designer. The main task – to achieve an aesthetic image, to arrange the space so that the physical and psychological requirements of the customer were met.

What is the difference between residential and commercial interior design?

Interiors are divided into residential and commercial. Designing residential and commercial space is fundamentally different. Living create for a person and take into account the interests, lifestyle and thoughts of the customer, and commercial – for business, and there are requirements.

A residential interior is created not for one year. The life span of commercial interior is much less, it needs to be modified and refreshed more often, as it gets “physically” tired.

The residential and commercial interiors have different technical tasks. Also different approach to the planning solution. For residential spaces, ergonomics, convenience, and functionality of the rooms are important. In commercial spaces, in addition to ergonomics, it is necessary to take into account specific equipment, without which the business cannot operate. The function of a commercial interior is to attract the attention of the client.

The time to design commercial interiors is very limited and often goes hand in hand with construction. The designer works in a large team: architect, engineers, technologists, designers, builders. Residential interiors are usually designed by the designer himself.

Interior design

Popular styles in design

Now, looking at the interior, it is difficult to say in what style it is made. Designers mix different styles, as all modern trends mix well with each other, and the boundaries between them are very conditional.

Every year, trends change like a kaleidoscope, taking into account the time of construction work, by the end of the project you can get “not modern” design. An option to solve this problem is to create a project that can be transformed. Another option is to apply different styles to the project to create an interesting design.

The base for creating a modern interior was the Contemporaneous style. In this style:

  • advanced technology
  • functionality
  • natural color scheme
  • light proportions
  • built-in storage systems.

Modern design is very personalized. The trend is to do the interior for yourself. The interior must fit the person, like a tailored suit. Design so that your interior is comfortable. The basis of this style – a lot of air, light, space and no visual “noise” in the form of unnecessary decor and details. The price is the space, but not the things.

What do I need to know to become a designer?

A designer needs to constantly improve his or her visual acumen. Here’s a roadmap to increasing your skilfulness:

  • read blogs and diaries of design practitioners
  • look at web sites about design

vVisit architectural, construction, furniture exhibitions, museums

  • study architecture, buildings
  • study art
  • understand construction materials, textures, fabrics, textiles.
  • Constant work on yourself – a necessary part of the life of any designer.

Technical knowledge is the ability to work in AutoCAD or ArchiCAD, Photoshop, SketchUp, 3d Max, Revit, Procreate.